Facts and myths about violence and self-defense - What ist actually "realistic" for violence prevention?

  • Andrea Kraus Vienna University
Keywords: self-defense, violence prevention, gender-sensitivity, facts and myths of violence, dangerous places and violent situations


Medially influenced images of "typical" dangers and violent situations often result in false ideas of violence or threats from violence and corresponding prevention strategies. Even among experts there are partly differing views on self-defense and violence prevention. There is only a partial consensus on definitions of the mentioned phenomena and corresponding didactic concepts for self-defense or violence prevention programs. There are also research deficits in the relevant literature. In this article the results of a qualitative study are to be presented, in which subjective theories and professional knowledge of experts with regard to violence, violence prevention, self-defense and gender-sensitive didactic concepts of self-defense and violence prevention in school are researched. From a methodological point of view, guide interviews were evaluated with the qualitative content analysis according to Gläser, & Laudel (2009).

Views of 12 interviewed experts of different concepts concerning self-defense, violence prevention, victim role, the ability to defend, danger locations, violent situations and existing wrong expectations about violence and self-defense are presented. Finally, based on the results of the study, a 3-level model for self-defense and prevention of violence in everyday life is developed, which complements and expands existing models.

How to Cite
Kraus, A. (2018). Facts and myths about violence and self-defense - What ist actually "realistic" for violence prevention?. Journal of Martial Arts Research, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.15495/ojs_25678221_12_49
Conference Papers